Background: Anxiety disorders are usually common in the reproductive age in which mothers will have better control with spiritual-religious supports. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between religiosity and jurisprudential information with anxiety of pregnant mothers during labor and postpartum pain.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 110 mothers in labor at Shoshtari and Zeinabiyeh hospitals, Shiraz, Iran in 2016. Convenience and purposive sampling methods were used. Research tools including Religious Attitude Questionnaire and Spielberger questionnaire were used to measure the maternal Religious Attitude anxiety level of mothers. The analysis by SPSS software version 16 was conducted using descriptive statistics, Chi-square tests, and ANOVA.
Results: There was a significant difference between the mean of anxiety and religious attitude (p <0.001). In mothers with a moderate religious attitude, 78% had moderate anxiety, 74% had mild anxiety and the remainder had no anxiety. The highest level of situational anxiety was moderate (54=49.1%) and had a statistically significant association with the level of religious attitude (p <0.001). The highest level of State anxiety was normal (52=47.3%) and then moderate (48=43.6%) and had no statistically significant association with the level of religious attitude (P=0.327).
Conclusion: There was an association between the level of religiosity in mothers and their reduced level of anxiety in labor. According to the culture of our society, it is important to pay attention to the religiosity dimension of human existence and plan to improve and perform them in the field of health care.